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"GitHub: A collaborative platform for hosting and reviewing code, fostering community-driven development and innovation. #GitHub"

Published Feb 21, 2024
Last Modified Jul 4, 2024
GitHub is a web-based platform that provides hosting for software development and version control using Git. It offers a collaborative environment for developers to work on projects, track changes, and manage code repositories. GitHub is widely used for open-source and private projects, fostering collaboration among developers worldwide.
GitHub hosts Git repositories, allowing developers to store and manage their source code. Each repository contains the entire version history of the project, including all branches and commits.
GitHub consists of several key components that work together to facilitate collaborative software development. These components include:
โ€ข ๐‘๐ž๐ฉ๐จ๐ฌ๐ข๐ญ๐จ๐ซ๐ฒ (๐‘๐ž๐ฉ๐จ)
A repository is a storage space where a projectโ€™s files and version history are stored. It can be local (on a developerโ€™s machine) or remote (hosted on GitHub).
โ€ข ๐๐ซ๐š๐ง๐œ๐ก
A branch is a parallel version of a repository. Developers create branches to work on specific features or fixes without affecting the main branch.
โ€ข ๐‚๐จ๐ฆ๐ฆ๐ข๐ญ
A commit is a snapshot of changes made to the files in a repository. It includes a unique identifier (SHA-1 hash), author details, timestamp, and a commit message.
โ€ข ๐๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ฅ ๐‘๐ž๐ช๐ฎ๐ž๐ฌ๐ญ (๐๐‘)
A pull request is a way to propose changes to a repository. It includes the changes made in a branch and is submitted for review before merging into the main branch.
โ€ข ๐…๐จ๐ซ๐ค
Forking is the process of creating a personal copy of someone elseโ€™s repository. It allows developers to make changes without affecting the original project.
โ€ข ๐‚๐ฅ๐จ๐ง๐ž
Cloning is the process of copying a repository to a local machine. Developers work on the cloned copy and push changes back to the remote repository.
โ€ข ๐Œ๐ž๐ซ๐ ๐ž
Merging combines changes from one branch into another. Pull requests are often used to initiate a merge after changes have been reviewed and approved.
โ€ข ๐ˆ๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ž๐ฌ
Issues are used to track tasks, bugs, enhancements, and other topics related to a project. They can be assigned, labeled, and linked to pull requests.
โ€ข ๐Ž๐ซ๐ ๐š๐ง๐ข๐ณ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ
GitHub Organizations are shared accounts where multiple users can collaborate on repositories. They are often used by teams or companies.
โ€ข ๐‘๐ž๐ฉ๐จ๐ฌ๐ข๐ญ๐จ๐ซ๐ฒ ๐’๐ž๐ญ๐ญ๐ข๐ง๐ ๐ฌ
Configuration options for a repository, including collaborators, access permissions, branch protection rules, and other settings.
โ€ข ๐‘๐„๐€๐ƒ๐Œ๐„
A README file contains information about a project. It is often displayed on the repositoryโ€™s main page and serves as documentation for users and contributors.
โ€ข ๐†๐ข๐ญ๐‡๐ฎ๐› ๐€๐œ๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ
GitHub Actions automate workflows, allowing developers to define custom tasks like building, testing, and deploying code directly within the GitHub repository.
โ€ข ๐–๐ข๐ค๐ข
Wiki is a collaborative space for documentation within a GitHub repository. It can be used to provide additional information about the project.
โ€ข GitHub Marketplace The GitHub Marketplace is a platform for discovering and integrating third-party tools and services that enhance the GitHub workflow.
โ€ข Code Review Code review involves assessing changes proposed in a pull request. Reviewers provide feedback, comments, and approvals before changes are merged.
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