AWS DevOps Interview Question

AWS DevOps Interview Question

AWS is Amazon’s largest cloud service platform. It allows users carry out DevOps practices easily.

Published Jun 5, 2024
Preparing for an AWS DevOps interview after gaining the AWS DevOps Certification requires a solid grasp of AWS services and DevOps principles. This includes understanding continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD), infrastructure as code (IaC), and effective cost management strategies. Proficiency in tools like AWS CodePipeline, CodeBuild, and CloudFormation, alongside skills in monitoring and automation, is crucial.
This guide covers essential interview questions to help both beginners and experienced professionals excel in AWS DevOps roles.

AWS DevOps General Interview Questions

1. Why do you use AWS for DevOps?
AWS makes work faster. The AWS services are ready to use and helps focus solely on the projects. AWS is best suited for modern technologies, and helps automate and replicate the work processes.
2. What are the key components of AWS for DevOps?
AWS CodePipeline, AWS CodeBuild, AWS CodeDeploy, and AWS CodeStar are the most important AWS components. These components allow a robust CI/CD system to exist, and makes the work more efficient.
3. Explain AWS Code Pipeline.
The AWS CodePipeline is a fully managed CI/CD service by AWS. It enables you to automate release pipelines for faster and more reliable application and infrastructure updates.
4. Name the languages and frameworks are compatible with AWS CodeBuild.
AWS CodeBuild offers a number of pre-configured environments for various supported versions of Java, Python, Ruby, Go, Android, Node.js, .NET Core, PHP, and Docker. Moreover, it allows you to create and upload a Docker image to the Amazon EC2 Container Registry or the Docker hub registry to customize your environment. You can later reference this custom image in your build project.
5. Tell a use case for Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS) in DevOps.
The most common use case is when you have a microservice that you want to deploy in an environment without prior provisioning. You can do this by creating a Docker image of the microservice and saving it in an image registry, such as the Elastic Container Registry (ECR). You can use it in the Task Definition. Moreover, you can use technologies such as Fargate to deploy this in an ECS cluster.
6. Explain AMI
AMI stands for Amazon Machine Image (AMI). It is an image supported and maintained by AWS to deliver the information needed to launch an instance.
7. What is IaC?
IaC is the management of the infrastructure. These include networks, load balancers, virtual machines, and connection topology within a descriptive model. It uses the same version control that the DevOps team uses for source code. This makes it more replicable and consistent.
8. Explain how containers communicate in Kubernetes.
Containers can communicate with each other in three ways:
· Communication through the local host and the port number showed by the other container.
· Communication through a pod’s IP address.
· Communication through a service that has an IP address and usually also has a DNS name.
9. Which Version Control System is mostly preferred?
Git is the most preferred Version Control System. It is extremely fast and stores the repositories in a very compact manner. Moreover, the Git branches are cheap and easy to merge.
10. How do DevOps and Agile differ?
DevOps aims to improve communication and collaboration between the large teams responsible for developing software. Whereas, in Agile, small collaborating groups work together to adapt quickly as changes occur during the development process.
Another key difference lies within how each side approaches a task. Agile focuses on getting things done. On the other hand, the main concern of DevOps involves communicating and connecting so that people can learn from each other.

AWS DevOps Interview Questions for Beginners

1. What are AWS in DevOps?
AWS is Amazon’s largest cloud service platform. It allows users carry out DevOps practices easily. The tools provided in AWS help automate manual tasks, thereby allowing the teams to manage complex environments. Moreover, using AWS after completing Aws Devops Training allows engineers to work more efficiently when combined with the high velocity that DevOps provides.
2. Why do you need AWS and Cloud Computing?
Development and Operations are considered to be a single entity in the DevOps practice. This means that any form of Agile development, alongside Cloud Computing, will give it an advantage in scaling practices. This will help create various strategies to bring about a change in business adaptability. Thu, Cloud Computing and DevOps go hand in hand.
3. What do DevOps Engineers do?
DevOps Engineers are responsible for managing the IT infrastructure of an organization. Their work is based on the direct requirement of the software code. Moreover, provisioning and designing appropriate deployment models, validation and performance monitoring are their key responsibilities.
4. Define CodeBuild in AWS DevOps
AWS CodeBuild is a fully managed continuous integration service. It compiles source code, runs tests, and produces software packages which are ready for deployment. It scales continuously and processes multiple builds concurrently, eliminating the need to manage your own build servers.
5. How does Amazon CloudWatch help in DevOps?
Amazon CloudWatch monitors AWS cloud resources and applications, collects and tracks metrics, collects and monitors log files, and sets alarms. It helps in maintaining the health and performance of applications.

AWS DevOps Interview Questions for Experienced

1. How do you implement Blue/Green deployments in AWS?
Blue/Green deployments can be implemented using AWS CodeDeploy with Elastic Load Balancing (ELB). The AWS DevOps Certification training taught me how to implement Blue/Green deployments in AWS. CodeDeploy shifts traffic between two identical environments (blue and green), allowing seamless updates and minimizing downtime.
2. What is the role of AWS CloudFormation in DevOps?
AWS CloudFormation automates the setup and management of AWS resources through templates. It allows you to provision and update infrastructure in a repeatable and orderly manner, enhancing infrastructure as code (IaC) practices.
3. How do you manage secrets in AWS for DevOps workflows?
AWS Secrets Manager or AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store securely manage sensitive information such as database credentials and API keys. They provide secure storage, automatic rotation, and fine-grained access control.
4. Can you explain how you monitor and optimize costs in AWS?
Cost optimization involves using AWS Cost Explorer and AWS Budgets for tracking and analyzing spending. Implementing Reserved Instances, Auto Scaling, and right-sizing resources also help optimize costs. Regular audits and cost allocation tags provide further insights.
5. Describe a strategy for ensuring high availability and disaster recovery in AWS.
High availability and disaster recovery strategies involve using multi-AZ deployments, automated backups, data replication, and services like Amazon RDS, AWS Backup, and AWS Elastic Disaster Recovery. Ensuring regular testing of recovery procedures is also crucial.


Preparing for AWS DevOps interviews involves understanding key AWS services, best practices for CI/CD, infrastructure as code, and cost management. The Aws Devops Training facilitates mastery of these concepts, along with practical experience in deploying and managing applications on AWS. This ensures you are well-equipped to handle complex DevOps challenges in a dynamic cloud environment.