Conversational AI: Add chatting capabilities to your Java app

Conversational AI: Add chatting capabilities to your Java app

Discover how to implement multi-turn conversations and maintain context using Amazon Bedrock's Converse API and the AWS SDK for Java.

Dennis Traub
Amazon Employee
Published Jun 18, 2024
Last Modified Jul 5, 2024
[ Open the JavaScript edition ]
Welcome to Part 2 of my tutorial series on Amazon Bedrock's Converse API!
Today, we'll explore how to implement a conversation using Amazon Bedrock's Converse API. You'll learn how to send messages to an AI model, maintain a conversation history, and handle multi-turn conversations. By the end of this tutorial, you'll have the skills to add chatting capabilities to your own applications.
Note: The examples in this edition use Java. I've also prepared a JavaScript edition, and many more examples in Python, C#, etc.

Series overview

This series guides you through Amazon Bedrock's Converse API:
Future posts will cover extracting invocation metrics and metadata, sending and receiving model-specific parameters and fields, processing model responses in real-time, the new tool-use feature, and more.
Let's dive in and start building! 💻

Step-by-step: Add a conversation history and chat with the AI


Before you begin, ensure all prerequisites are in place. You should have:
  • The AWS CLI installed and configured with your credentials
  • A Java Development Kit (JDK) version 17 or later and a build tool like Apache Maven installed
  • Requested access to the model you want to use

Step 1: Set up a new Java project

If you haven't done so already, create a new Java project using Maven and add the Bedrock Runtime and STS dependencies to your pom.xml file:
Note: Replace the aws.sdk.version with the latest version of the AWS SDK for Java.

Step 2: Create an instance of the Bedrock Runtime client

Create an instance of the BedrockRuntimeClient, specifying the AWS region where the model is available:

Step 3: Specify the model ID

Specify the ID of the model you want to use.
In this example, we'll use Claude 3 Haiku:
You can find the complete list of models supporting the Converse API and a list of all available model IDs in the documentation.

Step 4: Send an initial message

Prepare the first user message and add it to a new list, representing the conversation:
The conversation list represents the conversation history, with each element containing a role (ConversationRole.USER or ConversationRole.ASSISTANT) and at least one content block with the message text.
Send the conversation to the model using the Bedrock Runtime client's converse() method:
The converse method sends the conversation to the specified model and returns its response.
Print out the model's response:

Step 5: Add the model response to the conversation

To maintain context for the next request, add the model's response to the conversation:

Step 6: Send a follow-up message

Prepare a second user message and add it to the conversation:
Send the updated conversation to the model:
And finally, print out the model's second response:

Let's run the program

With the code complete, let's run it and see the AI engage in a multi-turn conversation!
Here's the full code for reference:
To run it:
  1. Save the code in a file named BedrockConversation.java
  2. Compile and run the Java application using your preferred IDE or command-line tools.
If everything is set up correctly, you should see the model's responses printed in the console:
If you encounter any errors, double check that you have:

Next steps

Congratulations on implementing a multi-turn conversation with Bedrock's Converse API!Ready for more? Here are some ideas to keep exploring:
  • Write a chat loop that repeatedly prompts the user for input and prints the model's responses.
  • Experiment with different models and compare their responses. Here's the list of all models supporting the Converse API.
  • Challenge yourself to rewrite this program in another language. Here are examples in Python, JavaScript, C#, and more.
  • Dive deeper into the Converse API in the Amazon Bedrock User Guide.
In Part 3 of this series (upcoming), we'll learn how to customize the AI's behavior with a system prompt and inference parameters.
I'd love to see what you build with Amazon Bedrock! Feel free to share your projects or ask questions in the comments.
Thanks for following along and happy building! 💻🤖

Any opinions in this post are those of the individual author and may not reflect the opinions of AWS.