Deploy Web Apps Like a Pro: Node.js on AWS ECS with Fargate

Deploy Web Apps Like a Pro: Node.js on AWS ECS with Fargate

Containerize Your App with ECS & Fargate

Published Mar 18, 2024


Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS) is a fully managed container orchestration service that makes it easy to deploy, manage, and scale containerized applications on Amazon Web Services (AWS).
Fargate is a serverless compute engine for ECS that allows you to run containers without having to manage the underlying infrastructure.
In this episode, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to develop and deploy a basic web application on Amazon ECS using Fargate.

Amazon ECS Key Features:

  1. Container Management: ECS allows you to run Docker containers without having to manage the underlying infrastructure. It supports both Linux and Windows containers.
  2. Scalability: ECS makes it easy to scale your containerized applications up or down based on demand. You can scale your application manually or automatically using AWS Auto Scaling.
  3. High Availability: ECS distributes containers across multiple Availability Zones within a region to ensure high availability and fault tolerance.
  4. Integration with AWS Services: ECS integrates with other AWS services such as Amazon Elastic Load Balancing (ELB), Amazon VPC, AWS IAM, AWS CloudFormation, and AWS CloudWatch, providing a comprehensive platform for building and managing containerized applications.
  5. Task Definitions and Services: ECS uses task definitions to specify how containers should be run and configured. Services allow you to define long-running tasks and ensure they are continuously running and available.
  6. Cluster Management: ECS manages clusters of EC2 instances or AWS Fargate containers. With EC2 launch type, you can provision and manage your own EC2 instances to run containers. With Fargate launch type, AWS manages the underlying infrastructure for you, allowing you to focus solely on your containers.
  7. Cost Optimization: ECS offers cost optimization features such as Reserved Instances and Spot Instances, allowing you to reduce costs by leveraging discounted pricing options for your container workloads.
Overall, Amazon ECS provides a flexible and scalable platform for deploying, managing, and scaling containerized applications on AWS infrastructure.

Learning Objectives:

  • Gain hands-on experience with containerization using Docker.
  • Understand how to use Amazon ECR to store and manage container images.
  • Learn the basics of creating and managing an Amazon ECS cluster.
  • Learn about ECS and its role in orchestrating containerized applications, including task definitions, clusters, and services.

Architecture Diagram:

Deploying a Basic Web Application on Amazon ECS Using Fargate

Use Case: Deploying Web Application on Amazon ECS.

This is a guide on how to Develop and Deploying a Basic Web Application on Amazon ECS


Imagine you are developing a basic web application, and you want to deploy it using Amazon ECS.
Example: Imagine a simple Node.js application that displays "Hello, World!" on a webpage.
The Dockerfile could specify the Node.js base image and install any required dependencies.
You'd then build and push the image to ECR.
Finally, by creating an ECS service with your task definition, you'd deploy the application on Fargate, making it accessible on the internet.

Design Considerations:

  1. Containerization: Containerize your web application using Docker. This involves creating a Dockerfile to define your application's dependencies and runtime environment.
  2. Amazon ECR (Elastic Container Registry): Store your container images in Amazon ECR. ECR is a managed Docker container registry that makes it easy to store, manage, and deploy Docker container images. The Docker images for the "Hello World" web application are stored in Amazon ECR, from where ECS retrieves them during deployment.
  3. Amazon ECS (Elastic Container Service): ECS acts as the core service responsible for deploying, managing, and scaling containerized applications in a highly available and scalable manner.
  4. Amazon ECS Cluster: ECS cluster is a logical grouping of ECS container instances (EC2 instances or AWS Fargate tasks) where containerized applications are deployed and managed. The ECS cluster provides the underlying infrastructure for running and scaling containerized applications. It hosts the ECS tasks that run the Docker containers of the "Hello World" web application.
  5. ECS Task Definition: ECS task definition is a blueprint that defines how a Docker container should be run, including container image, CPU/memory limits, network configuration, and other parameters. The ECS task definition specifies the configuration for running the Docker containers of the "Hello World" web application within ECS.
  6. ECS Service: ECS service is a configuration that allows you to run and maintain a specified number of instances of a task definition simultaneously in an ECS cluster. The ECS service ensures that the specified number of tasks (container instances) defined in the task definition are running and healthy within the ECS cluster. It manages the lifecycle of tasks and maintains the desired count of instances for the "Hello World" web application.

GitHub Repository:

By successfully completing this repository, [GitHub Link] you will have strengthened your understanding of containerization and Amazon ECS.

Step-by-Step Guide:

The provided readme outlines a comprehensive approach to deploying a Node.js web app on ECS with Fargate. Here's a breakdown of the steps:
  1. Create a Node.js Web Application: Develop a basic Node.js application that serves a simple webpage.
  2. Create a Dockerfile: Define a Dockerfile with instructions to create a Docker image containing your Node.js application and its dependencies.
  3. Build, Run, and Test Docker Image Locally: Build the Docker image using the docker build command. Run the image locally with docker run to verify it functions correctly.
  4. Build and Push Docker Image to ECR: Create an ECR repository and push the built Docker image to it using the AWS CLI.
  5. Create an Amazon VPC: Set up a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) to provide a dedicated network environment for your application.
  6. Set Up Amazon ECS: Create an ECS cluster within your VPC to manage containerized tasks.
  7. Create a Task Definition: Define a task definition that specifies the container image, CPU, memory, and other configuration details for your application.
  8. Deploy the Application: Create an ECS service that launches and manages tasks based on your task definition. This effectively deploys your application on ECS with Fargate.
  9. Test the Application: Once deployed, access the application's public IP address or configure a load balancer for production use.


In this blog post, we have provided a step-by-step guide on how to develop and deploy a basic web application on Amazon ECS using Fargate.
By following these steps, you can learn the basics of ECS and Fargate and get started with deploying containerized applications on AWS.
This approach offers scalability, reliability, and cost-effectiveness for managing containerized workloads in the cloud.